Which two countries colonized south Africa in the 17th century?
English and Dutch
What two colonies did the Dutch establish?
Orange free state and Transvaal.
What was this war called?
What was an apartheid?
A social system based on discrimination and race.
Describe what aspects of social life apartheid touched?
-Marriage: blacks and whites could not marry each other
-Homes: black people could not life in the same neighborhoods as whites
-Jobs: they could not have the same jobs. Black only jobs and white only jobs.
Give four examples of rules that blacks has to follow under apartheid?
-No mixed marriages
-Every south African had o be classified
-Living areas between the races were separated
-The dreaded pass laws
What were the three classifications of apartheid?
-Colored (mixed race)
Who was the hero of south Africa?
What happened when nelson Mandela was 12?
His father died
What happened in Nelson Mandela’s first college?
He got kicked out for protests
What did Mandela want in his famous speech?
He wanted equality for blacks and whites
What black political group did Mandela join?
The ANC (African national congress)
Where was Mandela imprisoned?
What was his number?
Where and when did he die?
-December 5th 2013
-His home in Johannes burg
What was the name given to the Dutch settlers?
Boers and Afrikaners
What sparked the English invasion of the Dutch?
The discovery of diamonds
What was the aim of apartheid?
To give the white man preferential treatment
ℙ: What life was like for south African blacks under the apartheid?
-They could not have good jobs
-They could not have good homes
-they could not go to good schools
-they got worse education than whites
-less tax refund